VE Application


HVAC Loads Sizing Calculations based on the ASHRAE Heat Balance method. ASHRAELoads can be linked with SunCast for solar shading and ApacheHVAC for System and Plant sizing.


ASHRAELoads calculates design day heating and cooling loads using two approaches:

  1. Idealized central HVAC systems, using the ApacheSystems feature. This allows HVAC systems sizing without needing a detailed central HVAC system. The simple idealized HVAC systems can be selected from a drop-down menu.  
  2. Detailed customizable central plant, with ApacheHVAC. This allows for central/waterside HVAC optimization, varying control scenarios and the ability to undersize or oversize HVAC systems.

Heating loads allow for a steady state heat loss calculations to predict the heating requirements for the room, zone, system and building.

Cooling loads calculations are based on the ASHRAE Heat Balance Method, to predict the cooling requirements for the room, zone, system and building. The heat gain calculations can be performed for a selected design day of the week, and for a range of design months.

Ventilation loads can be forced to meet ASHRAE Standard 62.1: Ventilation for Acceptable Indoor Air Quality and ASHRAE Standard 170: Ventilation Standard For Health Care Facilities, or can be based off design inputs. User-defined ventilation inputs include:

  • Cfm
  • Cfm/ft2
  • Cfm/person

Air Change Rates per Hour

Inputs Include:

  • A 3D model from ModelIT, or imported from an external source, see Interoperability.
    • Orientation, latitude, longitude and altitude included
  • Design weather
    • May be selected from ASHRAE WDVIEW v5.0 global weather database
    • User-defined outdoor dry-bulb and wet-bulb temperature
    • Hourly cooling loads weather from ASHRAE Standard or sinusoidal
  • Solar shading and solar tracking from SunCast. Shades and adjacent building can impact solar gains and cooling loads.
  • Constructions and materials:
    • ASHRAE 90.1 baseline constructions
    • User defined constructions
    • Dynamic glazing (electrochromic) and dynamic blinds
    • Construction templates from previous projects
  • Thermal templates
    • Heating and cooling setpoint temperatures, with night-time setbacks.
    • Relative humidity setpoints
    • Minimum ventilation flow rates
    • Internal Gains with hourly variation. Gains may be forced to be ‘on-continuously’
    • Schedules/Profiles may include dynamic operation, fixed as per user-input or controlled by external variables (e.g. weather)
    • Infiltration (ACPH, cfm, cfm/ft2 or cfm/ft2 of external building façade)
  • HVAC Systems
    • Generic and simple HVAC systems with ApacheSystems
    • Fully detailed HVAC system, see ApacheHVAC, for accurate system sizing
    • DHW for hot-water consumption loads. May include solar hot water

Outputs Include:

ApacheHVAC System Loads & Sizing Report

  • Project Summary
  • System Plant Sizing Summary
  • AHU System and Zone Sizing
  • Room/Space Sizing
  • Ventilation

The results from these calculations can be interrogated and displayed with customized styles. They can include:

  • Room-level cooling load summaries
  • Graphical Room Cooling Loads with Outdoor Dry-Bulb Temperatures
  • Room Loads Donut Chart
  • And much, much more in hourly and monthly tables, charts and graphs
  • Tables and graphs can be saved and copied and pasted into other applications (e.g. Word, Excel, etc.)
  • Room names can be sorted and displayed in different groupings to simplify and customize results analysis

  • Simple and fast calculations of heating, cooling and ventilation loads.
  • Incorporation of design day peaks into early design stage analysis.
  • Uses internationally recognized ASHRAE methodology.
  • HVAC systems can be described quickly without detailed schematics.